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National Archaeological Museum

The National Archaeological Museum of Naples Italy (MANN), founded by the Bourbons at the end of the 18th century, is the oldest museum in Europe. By virtue of its rich and valuable heritage of works of art and artifacts, arranged over an exhibition area of 12,650 m², it is considered one of the most important archaeological museums in the world, if not the most important for Roman art. The Museum includes the prestigious Farnese and Bourbon antiques collections among its art objects.

Furthermore, walking through its rooms, we will be able to admire the original frescoes, furnishings and mosaics from the excavations of Pompeii and other Vesuvian cities such as the famous mosaic of Alexander the Great from the house of the Faun. The Egyptian collection is considered the third most important in the world after those of the Egyptian museum in Cairo and the Egyptian museum in Turin. The Farnese collection houses all the archaeological finds collected from the sixteenth century by Alessandro Farnese, the future Pope Paul III. Obtained by purchase or confiscation of other minor collections, the Farnese collection was considerably enriched with the findings of the Roman excavations. With the extinction of the family branch, the entire collection passed to Elisabetta Farnese, mother of Charles of Bourbon.

The transfer of the sculptures to Naples Italy, however, took place only with Ferdinand IV in about 1787.The museum is housed in the Palazzo degli Studi, built in 1585 as a cavalry barracks; the building has a certain architectural relevance, being one of the most impressive monumental palaces in Naples Italy. It also insists on the area of the necropolis of Santa Teresa, the sepulchral area of the ancient Parthenope. Since 2005, the Neapolis station has been opened in the underground station “Museo” below, in which small rooms that follow one another exhibit the archaeological finds found during the excavations of the metro and become part of the museum heritage. If you are planning your holiday to visit Naples Italy, visit the National Archaeological Museum is one of the things to do.




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